Veneers are a modern solution to non-aesthetic defects of anterior teeth. They are used to improve the appearance, color or shape of the teeth. Composite veneers are made of a special material - dental resin (a mixture of resin, ceramics and other components), ensuring their mechanical and aesthetic properties. The material is applied directly in the oral cavity on a prepared tooth and the hardening of the material occurs after initiation of light by a dental polymerization lamp. Veneers can be made during one visit to the dentist and the teeth can be immediately treated. Thanks to a wide range of colors, composite veneers ensure a natural result, however, compared to porcelain veneers, they are not colorfast, and therefore, supplemental correction in terms of color is needed after some time.
What do composite veneers solve?
Composite veneers allow for solving unsightly defects of front teeth because they cover the most visible surfaces of teeth. Composite veneers are made from dental resins cured by light in color corresponding to the natural tooth.
Who are the composite veneers suitable for?
Composite veneers are suitable for patients who want to improve the aesthetic appearance of their teeth. They are suitable for enamel mineralization defects, in cases of wells and scratches on the front surfaces of teeth, large fillings, moderate orthodontic deviations (rotation of teeth), or the need to extend or expand the crown. The basic requirement is perfect oral hygiene.
The suitability of composite veneers for the given patient is always assessed by the doctor, generally, they cannot be used for patients with untreated periodontal disease, lack of enamel, in case of unfavorable intermaxillary relationships, nail biting, teeth grinding, etc.
What happens prior to application of composite veneers?
Composite veneers can be made in one office visit, directly in the mouth of the patient. The basis of the procedure is always a thorough dental examination. Subsequently, after the application of local anesthesia, the front surface of the tooth is grinded down very gently.
Placement/application of composite veneers
First, the doctor together with the patient chooses the base color of the future veneers. Preparation of the tooth for the application of composite material follows – the doctor first etches the prepared tooth surface using a special acid and then gradually - in layers – applies the selected material to the tooth. The doctor cures the individual layers using a curing lamp. Finally, the tooth is polished.
Composite dental veneers perfectly cover defects, however, compared to ceramics, they are not color stable, and therefore, they require more frequent color correction.
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